Persian (also known as Farsi, Dari and Tajik) is one of the widely spoken languages around the world with around 130 million people speakers, majority of them being in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. Along with these countries, the language is also practiced in other countries as well.
Here are some interesting facts that have been picked from its rich history!
1. One of the oldest languages
The language is known from three periods: Old, Middle and New (Modern). The Old era corresponds to Achaemenid Empire (400-300 B.C), the Middle era to Sasanian Empire and New era being the periods afterwards down to present day.
2. It’s a little similar to French
For example, the word “Thanks" is expressed in Persian as “مرسى (Mersi)" and in French as “Merci". Very similar in pronunciations and meaning.
3. Easy to learn
The grammar is very easy to learn and there are no genders defined in the language. The word order is really casual.
4. Named after Iran’s previous name
Iran’s previous name was Persia until 1935. The Government had requested the change because the name of the country was Iran in the Farsi language, not Persia.
5. Other forms of Persian- Farsi and Dari
They are all basically the same language without many differences. They have different names primarily because of the countries they are spoken in. In Afghanistan, it’s Dari. In Iran, it’s Farsi.
6. Known for its poetry rich history
Some famous Persian poets include Rumi, Sa'adi, Hafez and Ferdowsi.
7. Persian poems are inscribed in the halls of the UN
Poems are inscribed in the hall of UN. One of them says:
“Human beings are members of a whole / since in their creation they are of one essence.
When the conditions of the time bring a member (limb) to pain / the other members (limbs) will suffer from discomfort.
You, who are indifferent to the misery of others / it is not fitting that they should call you a human being.”